Buerger’s disease (thromboangiitis obliterans) is a rare disease most often found in those who smoke. The blood vessels in their legs, arms, feet and hands get inflamed, making it hard for blood to travel through.
The cause of Buerger’s disease is not known, but scientists think something in tobacco hurts the lining in your blood vessels.
Most people with Buerger’s disease are tobacco users.
Your genes may make you more likely to get Buerger’s disease. Some scientists think it’s an autoimmune disease.
Buerger’s disease symptoms develop slowly over time. Symptoms include:
Hand or foot pain (burning or tingling feeling).
Sores on toes or fingers.
Ankle, foot or leg pain when you walk.
Skin color or texture change.
Other Buerger’s disease symptoms may happen after you’ve had it for a while. These include:
Blood clots in blood vessels.
Red, blue or pale fingers or toes.
Blue in part of your face.
Cold or numb feet or hands.
Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI).
Computed tomography (CT).
Magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA).
Some medications are helpful in Buerger’s disease treatment. They include medicines that:
Make your blood flow better.
Help with pain.
Help new blood vessels grow.
Break up clots.
What treatments are used for Buerger’s disease?
You may get relief from Buerger’s disease symptoms with:
Arm and leg compression.
Surgery for pain or better blood flow.
Stimulation of the spinal cord.
Removal of fingers or toes when an infection or gangrene happens.