Buerger's Disease

Buerger’s disease (thromboangiitis obliterans) is a rare disease most often found in those who smoke. The blood vessels in their legs, arms, feet and hands get inflamed, making it hard for blood to travel through.


  • The cause of Buerger’s disease is not known, but scientists think something in tobacco hurts the lining in your blood vessels.

  • Most people with Buerger’s disease are tobacco users.

  • Your genes may make you more likely to get Buerger’s disease. Some scientists think it’s an autoimmune disease.


Buerger’s disease symptoms develop slowly over time. Symptoms include:

  • Hand or foot pain (burning or tingling feeling).

  • Sores on toes or fingers.

  • Ankle, foot or leg pain when you walk.

  • Raynaud’s phenomenon.

  • Skin color or texture change.

Other Buerger’s disease symptoms may happen after you’ve had it for a while. These include:

  • Muscle cramps.

  • Blood clots in blood vessels.

  • Red, blue or pale fingers or toes.

  • Blue in part of your face.

  • Cold or numb feet or hands.

  • Gangrene.

  • Skin ulcers.


  • Ultrasound.

  • Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI).

  • Computed tomography (CT).

  • Angiogram.

  • Magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA).


Some medications are helpful in Buerger’s disease treatment. They include medicines that:

  • Make your blood flow better.

  • Help with pain.

  • Help new blood vessels grow.

  • Break up clots.

What treatments are used for Buerger’s disease?

You may get relief from Buerger’s disease symptoms with:

  • Exercise.

  • Arm and leg compression.

  • Surgery for pain or better blood flow.

  • Stimulation of the spinal cord.

  • Removal of fingers or toes when an infection or gangrene happens.

diseases treatments health prevention disorders cardiovascular-system

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