Posted October 8, 2022 by Anusha ‐ 3 min read
A valvuloplasty is a procedure to open a narrowed heart valve and improve blood flow. The heart valves control how blood moves through your heart. If one of your heart valves stiffens or narrows, your heart may not pump blood efficiently.
Advantages of a Valvuloplasty
Valvuloplasty increases blood flow and helps your heart work more efficiently. This procedure may help postpone or avoid valve replacement.
Valvuloplasty is a minimally invasive procedure. Compared to open-heart surgery, the benefits of minimally invasive heart treatments can include:
Lower risk of complications.
Reduced pain. However, valvuloplasty is not an alternative for surgery when it is indicated by your healthcare provider.
Uses of Valvuloplasty
Valvuloplasty may be an option to open a narrowed heart valve (stenosis). Your provider may recommend valvuloplasty to treat these types of heart valve disease:
Mitral valve stenosis.
Pulmonary valve stenosis.
Tricuspid valve stenosis.
Risks of a Valvuloplasty
Like all medical procedures, a valvuloplasty can come with a risk of infection or bleeding.
If you are pregnant or think you could be pregnant, tell your healthcare provider.
Valvuloplasty and radiation exposure (from X-rays during the procedure) can be harmful to pregnant women and fetuses.
There’s also a risk that the heart valve will narrow again after a valvuloplasty.
Your specific risk factors depend on your overall health.
Your healthcare provider can help you understand all risks or potential complications of a valvuloplasty.
What happens before a balloon valvuloplasty?
Your healthcare provider will give you detailed instructions to prepare for a valvuloplasty.
Usually, you’ll need to fast (not eat or drink) starting the night before the procedure.
If you take blood-thinning medications (anticoagulants), you may need to stop taking them for a period.
On the day of the procedure, don’t wear any metal, such as jewelry or removable retainers.
When you arrive at the hospital, your healthcare team gives you a sedative medication (anesthesia) to help you relax.
You usually are awake during the procedure.
What happens during a balloon valvuloplasty?
A cardiologist (doctor specializing in the heart) performs valvuloplasty. During the procedure, your cardiologist:
Inserts a small, hollow tube called a sheath through a blood vessel in your groin, arm or shoulder.
Threads a catheter with a deflated balloon through the sheath.
Injects a contrast dye and uses X-rays to guide the catheter to your heart valve.
Inflates the balloon to open the narrowed heart valve.
Removes the catheter and closes the insertion site with small stitches or a special surgical glue.
Sometimes, your cardiologist leaves the sheath in place for up to six hours. They may choose to do this if you have bleeding risks or need to wait for blood-thinning medicine to wear off.
What happens after a balloon valvuloplasty?
After the procedure, you go to a recovery area.
If the catheter went through your groin, you’ll need to wait a few hours before bending your leg.
You may lie in bed for about two to six hours, depending on several factors.
You’ll need to drink plenty of water to flush the contrast dye from your body.
While on bed rest, you’ll need to use a urinal or bedpan.
You can usually get up and move several hours after a valvuloplasty. Most people return home the next day.