Posted September 23, 2022 by Anusha ‐ 1 min read
Hypophosphatemia happens when you have a low level of phosphate in your blood. Phosphate is an essential electrolyte you need for several bodily functions.
Causes of Hypophosphatemia
Causes of chronic hypophosphatemia include:
Increased parathyroid hormone levels, as in hyperparathyroidism.
Other hormonal imbalances, such as in Cushing’s syndrome.
Vitamin D deficiency.
Electrolyte disorders, such as hypomagnesemia (low blood magnesium levels) and hypokalemia (low blood potassium levels).
Long-term diuretic use.
Theophylline (a bronchodilator medication) intoxication.
Symptoms of Hypophosphatemia
Symptoms of severe hypophosphatemia include:
Muscle pain and bone pain.
An altered mental state, such as experiencing confusion or irritability.
Numbness or reflexive weakness.
Diagnosis of Hypophosphatemia
Healthcare providers use a blood test to diagnose hypophosphatemia.
Other blood tests, such as a kidney function test, calcium blood test and vitamin D blood test.
Treatment of Hypophosphatemia
Treatment for hypophosphatemia involves treating the underlying cause and stabilizing blood phosphate levels.
Healthcare providers most often use oral phosphate replacement medication (pills taken by mouth) to treat mild to moderate cases of hypophosphatemia.
They may also recommend a diet high in phosphorus to correct your phosphate levels.
If hypophosphatemia is severe, they provide phosphate replacement through an IV.